Rafael Nadal’s High-Intensity Workout – WSJ

The coronavirus pandemic may have forced tennis great Rafael Nadal to shelter in place at his home in Mallorca, but it didn’t stop him from competing. To get his game fix, he used two lawn chairs as a net and challenged his sister to matches.

One of the sport’s fiercest competitors, Mr. Nadal, 34, turned pro in 2001. Two decades later the Spaniard hasn’t lost his intensity. The 20-time Grand Slam champion is known for his aggressive style of play. Over the years, he has made small yet strategic adjustments to his game so he can keep winning as his body ages. He also has adapted his workouts.

In his teens and 20s, he’d train for as many as five hours a day. “Now that I’m older, I can’t work out like that,” he says. “The intensity is the same, but the training is smarter and more specific.” These days, his time in the gym is devoted to mobility, agility and isometric exercises.

Isometric holds are a staple of Mr. Nadal’s strength workouts.



During lockdown, he had a workout bubble with his cousins who kept him on his toes and in his garage gym. But for the first time in over a decade, he was apart from both his fitness coach, Joan Forcades, and his physiotherapist, Rafael Maymo, whom he credits with prepping his body for workouts and matches—and putting it back together after.

Jumping back into a grueling tournament schedule after a six-month hiatus hasn’t been easy. A lower-back injury plagued Mr. Nadal during the Australian Open in February and sidelined him from two tournaments.

“My goal is to play better every time I step on the court,” he says. “I’ve been off-pace, but it takes one or two key matches to get back the rhythm.” Mr. Nadal said his back was feeling better before his first matches in the Italian Open, which began May 8, and his performance has been back to top form. On May 14 he defeated Alexander Zverev to reach his 12th semifinal in Rome. He will defend his title at the French Open, which kicks off May 30.

Mr. Nadal won his third-round match against Canadian Denis Shapovalov on May 13 and moved on to the quarter finals of the Italian Open.


Clive Brunskill/Getty Images


How have you changed your exercise routine with age? Join the conversation below.

The Workout

In recent years, Mr. Nadal moved away from heavy cardio and weight training. He now focuses on high-intensity workouts that emphasize agility and speed and exercises that strengthen the stabilizing muscles around his knees and shoulders.

He’s scaled back his on-court training to a still-daunting 2 to 2½ hours almost daily. For cardio, he alternates between intervals on the elliptical, rowing machine or treadmill with a 15% incline. Other days he does a circuit workout that mixes jump rope and ladder drills with five or six strength exercises.

Twice a day he runs through a series of shoulder exercises. “If the small muscles around the shoulder fail, your game is dead,” he says. To strengthen the four muscles of the rotator cuff that help move and stabilize the shoulder, he uses resistance cables on a Technogym Kinesis machine to perform internal and external rotations.

To strengthen his quads, he performs leg extensions on a machine. He does five reps with 10 kilograms (22 pounds) and holds for 45 seconds at the bottom of each rep. He then performs 15 dynamic reps using 30 kilograms. Bosu ball squats and calf raises are also staples. He uses a resistance band for glute exercises such as clamshells, bridges and lateral lunges. “Getting my glutes strong and firing has really helped with my back,” he says.

Mr. Nadal does an interval workout on a rowing machine.



The Diet

Wiser in time: “My diet was 100% a disaster when I was younger,” he says. “I don’t follow any crazy diet, but I have adopted better eating habits with age.”

Breakfast: Bread with olive oil and orange juice.

Post-workout recovery: A vanilla protein shake.

Dinner: When he has time, which isn’t often, he loves to cook. His go-to dish is seafood pasta. Before a match he typically has rice with fish and vegetables.

Indulgences: Mr. Nadal enjoys chocolate and red wine from Spanish producer Bodegas El Nido in small amounts.

Essential Gear

Mr. Nadal’s carry-on bag always contains a set of resistance bands.


Mr. Nadal listens to music before matches and the playlist depends on his mood. “Sometimes I’ll put on opera,” he says. “Sometimes punk rock or reggae. But never heavy metal.” Bon Jovi and Julio Iglesias are two favorites.

The Key to a Healthy Spine: Core Stability

Rafael Nadal might seem superhuman, but he suffers from back pain just like the rest of us.

Stuart McGill, a professor emeritus in spine biomechanics at the University of Waterloo in Ontario and author of “Ultimate Back Fitness and Performance,” says what cures one person’s backaches can cause another’s.

“Having a professional assess you can help pinpoint pain triggers,” he says. “In general, if you’re younger and sitting at a computer all day causes you back pain, going for a walk is often an antidote. If you’re in your mid-60s, that walk might make the pain worse. Lying down might provide relief.”

Dr. McGill says core stability is key to keeping the spine healthy. “The spine is a flexible rod that we need to keep resilient so we can bend down to tie our shoes and pick up and carry groceries,” he says. “Think of the core muscles as a girdle for the spine.” He recommends these three core exercises to help avoid low back pain.

  • Bird Dog: Start on your hands and knees with a flat back. Extend your right arm straight out in front of you, in line with your head, and your left leg behind you in line with your hip. Try to maintain a flat back and level hips. Hold 10 seconds. Return to start and switch sides.
  • Side Bridge: Lie on your side, with your forearm on the floor and elbow underneath your shoulder. Lift your hips off of the floor so your body forms a straight line from your head to your feet. Hold 10 seconds.
  • Modified Curl-Up: Lie on your back. Extend one leg and bend the knee of the other leg. Place your hands under your low back to maintain the natural arch of your spine. Slowly lift your chest so your head and shoulder blades are off the floor. Do not tuck your chin. Hold 10 seconds.

What’s your workout? Tell us at workout@wsj.com

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